Uganda is a landlocked country located in East Africa, with a size of about 236,040 square Kilometers and a population of approximately 37million people. The climate in Uganda is tropical: wet in the center, cool in the mountains and the country has two dry seasons (December to February, June to August); semi-arid in North East. Uganda is also known as the “Pearl of Africa” because of its diverse natural endowments (flora and fauna) and beauty plus the rich cultural diversity with over 64 tribes and languages.
Over 20% of it’s vegetation is covered by water, lakes, rivers, wetlands. Uganda boosts of being a home to Lake Victoria which is the world’s second largest fresh-water lake at 68,000 sq. km,Lake Bunyonyi the second deepest lake in Africa 900m and the source of the world’s longest river, the Nile measuring 6695 kilometers (4184 miles).
Uganda also has Some of the best waterfalls in the world found across the country these include: Murchison, Karuma, Sipi, Kalagala, Sezibwa and Itanda falls plus Ssese Islands, a paradise with variety of white sandy beaches, birds and tropical vegetation. The country also has 12 wetlands of International Importance designated under the Ramsar Convention (RAMSAR sites) like the Mabamba swamp.
It also boosts of the largest mountain Gorilla population in the world 54% (over 400 of them) found in Bwindi Impenetrable National park. Less than 900 Gorillas survive in the world. It’s a home to the world’s largest number of Primates with over 5,000 chimpanzees found in this country. It also has great mountains like the Rwenzori (5,109 m/ 16,762 ft.) which has permanent snow on the equator line plus it was voted world top hiking challenge,Mt. Elgon in the East, at 4,321 m (14,177 ft) – Africa’s 17th highest mountain and one of the largest intact calderas in the world.
This destination is also great for birders as it has more than 1,072 bird species, it’s a home to over 50% of the bird species in Africa and 10% of the world.Most popular birding spots include: Bwindi Impenetrable National Park (over 400 bird species) – voted Africa’s number one birding site by the African Bird club (2012) and Queen Elizabeth National Park (over 605 bird species).
Activities & Attractions:
Gorilla Trekking, National parks, Chimpanzee Trekking -Monuments, Game drives, Forests, Bird watching, Lakes and Rivers, Bungee jumping, Cultural sites, Whiter water rafting, Museums, Sport fishing -Islands, Canoeing -Mountains, Beach vacations, Water falls, Night life and Shopping, Mountain climbing, Hiking.
Bwindi Impenetrable National Park lies in southwestern Uganda on the edge of the Rift Valley. Its mist-covered hillsides are blanketed by one of Uganda’s oldest and most biologically diverse rain forests, which dates back over 25,000 years and contains almost 400 species of plants. More famously, this “impenetrable forest” also protects an estimated 320 mountain gorillas – roughly half of the world’s population, including several habituated groups..
Murchison Falls National Park lies at the northern end of the Albertine Rift Valley, where the sweeping Bunyoro escarpment tumbles into vast, palm-dotted savanna. First gazetted as a game reserve in 1926, it is Uganda’s largest and oldest conservation area, hosting 76 species of mammals and 451 birds. The park is bisected by the Victoria Nile, which plunges 45m over the remnant rift valley wall, creating the dramatic Murchison Falls.
Kidepo Valley National Park lies in the rugged, semi arid valleys between Uganda’s borders with Sudan and Kenya, some 700km from Kampala. Gazetted as a national park in 1962, it has a profusion of big game and hosts over 77 mammal species as well as around 475 bird species. Kidepo is Uganda’s most isolated national park, but the few who make the long journey north through the wild frontier region of Karamoja
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